Intellectual Anarchy

The Role of Women in Indian Society


Shy smile of a bride in a Hindu wedding by kunjan detroja

Shy smile of a bride in a Hindu wedding by kunjan detroja

As a woman in India, I find that the society is changing a lot in terms of acceptance of the many roles of women as professionals, as bread-earners in families and as independent thinking individuals. The traditional Indian woman has evolved to prove herself equal in many professions as well as proved better suited than men in others. The situation for the changing role of women is improving fast.

On the other hand, female foeticide, dowry deaths and domestic abuse provide a macabre background of primitive barbarism. In the typical Indian Society, you find that there are still expectations and assumptions about women that are not so much relevant to their current status, but a clear hangover from our supressive past. This may be more obvious with traditional women or women in rural societies, but it is extremely prevalent in urban ones as well.

I am speaking of “running the home” kind of stuff. Regardless of how hard the man and woman of the house work, when it comes to women and society, there are certain areas of the home that are the woman’s province in happy times and her nemesis in not so happy times.

“As the woman of the house, you should….” is a familiar refrain for most women in India.” Indian Women’s clothing is another externally imposed recommendation backed by vicious judgments. A pregnant woman is a public drop box for intrusive recommendations. I think, it is high time that we as citizens of modern India took a good hard look at our automatic assumptions and investigated which among these are still applicable today, and which ones we simply need to let go.

Typical situations we see include the woman bringing a cup of hot tea for her man returning from work, or the woman returning home after her husband and heading straight to the kitchen to cook dinner, and so on.

On an average, in any home where women are working, their income is also important to the well-being of the home and the living standards. Where it is not a question of money, it is generally possible to employ someone for the work in the house. So when we speak of a traditional role of a woman being responsible for the efficient running of her home, it is something we need to be aware of as an additional expectation made from her.

The traditional role of a man has been the one of earning the money for the running of the home. This has changed to a great extent. Working women contribute to the expenses of running their homes as well. However, there has been little contribution from men in terms of shouldering some of the responsibilities of women.

One interesting insight I received into this was from a friend. He said, “See, women find the outside world challenging and attractive. They like the freedom it brings to them. So they enter the world. There is no reason for a man to find the women’s traditional role appealing, so he doesn’t. No one has forced the women to step into the man’s role, and no one should force the men to step into a woman’s role”.

On the surface, this seems to strike sense. However, the flaw lies in an assumption of curent roles that are the same as traditional roles and that the women are entering “a man’s territory”. This simply doesn’t hold true in most cases today. Women are educated and often have their careers well before they get married and it is as much their right as the man’s work is his. However, the other part, where the men don’t find the house work appealing enough to invest effort in still holds true.

This is something that needs to be taken an honest assessment of. If we abandon the traditional perspective of division of responsibilities inside and outside the home (since it has already been broken in the outside the home area), we come to a situation where the couple are both inhabiting a home and earning and contrubuting toward its running. What we need to find is a sharing of responsibilities inside the home as well, that allows both some dignity.

This would also help resolve many situations where a man feels threatened by a working woman. Why wouldn’t he. She earns, she spends, she invests, and on top of that, she is independent in terms of being able to manage her own existence completely, including running of her own home.

There is no point pushing the women down. What needs to happen is the removal of the “un-machoness” associated with responsibilities at home and recognise it as the actions of a responsible and independent individual, whether male or female. This would actually add some power to the increasingly “lazy” image of men among women and empower them with some self-respect, while empowering the women with acceptance and support from the one source that matters the most.

Please not that I am not speaking of every man out here. There are many couples who are already on this journey and find themselves comfortable both inside and outside the home, and the mutual respect and closeness can be seen a mile off in such couples.

I sincerely think that this is an important adaption that is the need of today’s times.

CC BY-SA 4.0
The Role of Women in Indian Society by Vidyut is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at


  1. Sarah's Gravatar Sarah
    June 22, 2014    

    The comments on here are bizarre. I’ve never been a fan of Indian men – I find them hostile, immature, and egotistical. Like little bullies. I hope Indian women can feel comfortable in expecting their husbands 50% cooperation, or they will leave their marriage. Women need men for companionship and to father children, but not for any other reason. Wise up you fools.

  2. P Das's Gravatar P Das
    February 14, 2014    


    The above article is so much true n real fact. I want to share something regarding this matter.
    Although we all say that the present scenario about women have changed a lot, but in reality, still the Bengali people deeply follow the old traditions and rituals in every aspect of life, which sometimes cause hindrances.

    I am a well educated women and belong from a established nuclear upper middle class family. m working in IT industry rite now. Due to my easy travel communication, i stay nearby my office area. Regarding matrimonial matter, till now whatever proposals i have got, the grooms family are not accepting this matter that after marriage, i need to stay in my own home during my working days fr my easy communication, as because the grrom’s house are far distance from my office location.This is a very small issue i think, but a problamatic issue for the groom’s family.
    It seems that we are still in that mideival period.. People are not in a way to listen and negotiate any matter, they just follow the old rules and customs. This kind of thoughts need to be changed sharp, for the welfare of all women.

    Thank You.

  3. July 3, 2013    

    xellentelly told!!!i am very thankful 2 u that ur topic is a nice one!!!!

  4. shailjapandey's Gravatar shailjapandey
    June 23, 2013    


  5. Anonymous's Gravatar Anonymous
    April 22, 2013    

    bloody indians .always seeing cricket.they only in our world getting entertain of fellow indian see israel if any attack occured in their territory immediately would retaliate.they are cult people. indians are slowly lossing war against islamic militants.they only bow to seems all indian politicians are ready to sacrifice their citizens to terrorists for their safety and luxurious life. no self respect.what the good indians they are. aren’t they?

    Read more at:

  6. Mirthula's Gravatar Mirthula
    February 1, 2013    

    I will not read this article but the topic verse women are Rock but some sutiuation they are dominating.

    Hi FrndZ…….
    i will read everyone comments very well lines.

  7. Himadri jain's Gravatar Himadri jain
    June 8, 2012    

    I think men and women are equal the work who done by men is also done by the women..!

  8. Human123's Gravatar Human123
    May 6, 2012    

    man is dog, man is root cause of this problem of women, men are daemon, men are egoistic, men are always at fault.
    women are devis, all the women are compassionate, we should free mayawati,jayalalita, kanimozhi,barkha dutt, neera radia etc all of charges – as they are women- they must not be guiltypoor women – husband torture themthe insecurity feud between mother in law and daughter in law – again men are responsible – because as they are women – they are pure, innocent – how can they be guilty.women forcing young boy children to bathe nude in front of clothed same-age female siblings – again that boy is responsible, as he has no modesty.
    overwhelmingly female teachers shaping up the future male generations in school without any clue to male child psychology – again male child is responsible
    male colleagues having sexual relationships with junior colleagues are bad, as being junior she must be disadvantaged, this can not be consensual at any cost. If after 5 years that female colleague says that we had forced thing, then she must be right, female can never mentally force a man to have relationship. 
    but lindsay lohan (hollywod actess) having sex with male waitor at hotel – again that male waitor is bad.
    esp. bengali girls are never mad to have sex.
    all males should be put behind bars through frivolous acts of 498a, sexual harassment bills and what not. They are dogs who deserve this, what a lifeless- egoistic bunch of morons men are.
    — END of summary of all these blogs of vidyut and other great intellectuals, with no faults committed in their life and hence equivalent to pure Gods.

  9. Mandal Ashish89's Gravatar Mandal Ashish89
    April 21, 2012    

    according to me woman are better than man why?
     because woman is always servive but man always showing their monopoly
    woman knou their limitation but man dont want to know his limitation

    ashish kumar mandal

  10. Medhakirti202's Gravatar Medhakirti202
    March 21, 2012    

    i think women themselves are responsible for their ill treatment……

  11. J.M.Pithekaar's Gravatar J.M.Pithekaar
    February 4, 2012    

    The article is good. We need togive women more freedom to contribute creatively to our society. We need to give up all role models of women and mothers. On the other hand there could be a substitute for a home-maker. Her contribution must be acknowledged for the growth of a family.

    • Anonymous's Gravatar Anonymous
      January 21, 2015    


  12. Sunans's Gravatar Sunans
    February 2, 2012    

    xcelent.i’ve  got what i want.

  13. sarbjit cheema's Gravatar sarbjit cheema
    January 3, 2012    

    the article is good. it is quite right that both man n woman r working at both in n outof the home happily

  14. mohit's Gravatar mohit
    January 2, 2012    

    in this page someone want to fuck someone

  15. 9090's Gravatar 9090
    December 5, 2011    

    women are the bbbbbbbbbbeeeeeeeeeessssssssssttttttttttttt as a daughter ,wife ,mother.She does the best work

  16. Sup's Gravatar Sup
    November 22, 2011    


  17. Olivea Sarkar's Gravatar Olivea Sarkar
    October 25, 2011    

    Fabulous :))))

  18. Keerthirides's Gravatar Keerthirides
    October 23, 2011    

    superb essay on women in India……… but it should work as well

  19. September 29, 2011    

    Agree in very large parts. Though the assumption that the western world do not face similar challenges is misconceived – They have very similar issues. There could be a difference in magnitude. Socially (more so in India – given in many ways this is the first at best second generation of working women as a rule) both man and woman have to learn to live in the new world. For the man to accept (happily) a more independent and decisive woman and the for woman to use her new found power more constructively.
    Nice piece

  20. Leninjthomas's Gravatar Leninjthomas
    September 6, 2011    

    Thank you, this essay is helpful for my assignment.

  21. August 19, 2011    

    You have written on what sort of situation you would like to have in a general sense on man woman staus in a house.But you have not elaborated on what all aspects woman feel deprived in a house and how the situation can improve by doing what exactly by members of the family.How woman can achieve equal status and role to be elaborated

  22. Liberationtheology's Gravatar Liberationtheology
    June 22, 2011    

    In the West where young men move out of their parent’s home by age 20 and live on their own they learn to clean house and cook.  Nobody else is going to do it for them.  Indian men don’t see value in keeping house because they’ve never had to do it because they live at home with their parents through all ages, and of course have house servants as well.  Let them move out, get their own place and learn some independence and you will find that when they get married, they will know how to do all house chores and they will do them.

    • Gwrjayaprakash's Gravatar Gwrjayaprakash
      January 18, 2012    

      Amazing thought………

  23. Shylin Kristen's Gravatar Shylin Kristen
    June 7, 2011    

    this page knew abt women …………womens always rockzzzzzz and this was really useful for my speech abt role of women thanks !

  24. priti's Gravatar priti
    May 21, 2011    

    i really appritiat of this wonderful lesson. 

  25. priti's Gravatar priti
    May 21, 2011    

    i really appritiat of this wonderful lesson. 

  26. Ramitha_sudhakaran's Gravatar Ramitha_sudhakaran
    April 17, 2011    

    iam sorry i didn’t read your article. any way your topic is a nice one

  27. March 6, 2011    

    @Shashank and Dinesh
    True. The position of women is poor in Indian villages. What I am saying is that under all the shine, it isn’t much different in the cities. Sure, they have more opportunities, freedom, better clothes, etc. But at the bottom of it all, they have to toe the society line. A line that was never designed to acknowledge their contribution – not in the villages, not in the cities.

  28. Shashank n dinesh's Gravatar Shashank n dinesh
    March 6, 2011    

    We r nt satisfied frm dis discription.
    Coz d actual position of womens is so poor still in indian villeges.

  29. Nishi Gore's Gravatar Nishi Gore
    February 21, 2011    

    u r absolutely right………………………………………

  30. Ankita's Gravatar Ankita
    February 10, 2011    

    superb topic..dear helped a lot in my debet competition thnx……:-)

  31. Muskaan's Gravatar Muskaan
    February 1, 2011    

    unbeliveble………………u r saying all the truth……..i have learned about ur views.this content is excellent…………..carry on…

  32. Jatinpal's Gravatar Jatinpal
    January 6, 2011    

    I think women do more social work then men but it is unnoticed at all.

  33. sarika's Gravatar sarika
    September 26, 2010    

    womens r not less than men . womens r strong

  34. Shruti's Gravatar Shruti
    September 14, 2010    

    I think men and women both are equal only that each one has to do his own duty and not interfere with the others….this essay is well written……

  35. September 13, 2010    

    thanks!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!i am a student. my teacher gives this topic for my presentation so this page helps me a lot.thanks again

  36. prerana's Gravatar prerana
    August 3, 2010    

    it provides us a very good information.we thank for that

  37. george's Gravatar george
    July 21, 2010    

    it’s really good

  38. RObin Singh's Gravatar RObin Singh
    June 18, 2010    

    Cool IT Really works IN my study as essay……

  39. June 10, 2010    

    I possibly would not have contemplated this was beneficial two or three months ago, yet it’s fascinating how age evolves the way you respond to stuff, many thanks for the weblog article it really is great to see anything sensible now rather than the conventional rubbish masquerading as blogs and forums around the net. Regards

  40. Ali_23's Gravatar Ali_23
    March 22, 2010    


    You should write in our daily newspaper, trust me, this is not India..and differences between men and women are still the same although responibilities higher, but we still think it will change. You girls would be surprised how similar are things in other western countries although it is subtle we can feel it in our day to day..

    bravo from uk

  41. March 16, 2010    

    Hey what’s up?

    This is like my morning coffee, I mean your website, I’ve been an ignorant on so many topics but thanks to you I learned much. Umbeliveble how I believe something and then I discover that the reality is totally different. Your articles are great to say the least. I love, love, love your blog! I love the way you write your articles by the way, you’ve done an excellent job with your website!


  42. Dipak Kumar Adhikari's Gravatar Dipak Kumar Adhikari
    January 28, 2010    

    Dear Sir/Madam,
    We got Married 05/03/2002, and have a daughter born 09/07/2005. My wife and she’s family given me 498a/34 IPC, FIR NO.276, date 31/08/2009, P.S.: BAGUIATI, it’s not true case, believe me. My wife are engaged/Affair with a boy (Sandip Samanta, S/O. Shankar Kumar Samanta S.B.I. Manager) his house front of my house, all the matters are know every person in my village, and also they given me written about my character. When my wife goes outside form my house near about many vory gold and cash 1.20 lack Indian rupees taken. Not taken my daughter, daughter is now in my house. My wife doing the 498a case’s date 31/08/2009 and I arrest 06/09/2009, court give me bail at 19/09/2009 my 1st court date is 16/10/2009 done. 2nd court date is 04/01/2010 done. Next court date is 07/07/2010 at Barasat court. Some proof (20 pcs. s.m.s., picture with the boy and a c.d.) has me about my wife and the boy that they are in illegal relation. Believe me I and my family love much more to my wife. They (My wife family) are very very poor and live in a bosti Address: 70/H/8 Manicktolla Main Road, Kolkata – 700054, Beside 5 Star Club, my mother see 1st time and she arrange my marriage, and Mother told me they are very poor so what? After marriage she is my family member, believe me not a single word is wrong. Before marriage my family not see my wife’s family, now we understand/also see that she’s family are very bad. My wife, she’s family and the boy they are misusing this law. Now my wife’s family understands all the affair matter. But my wife still now not agree she wants to marry to the boy. My wife left our only solitary daughter to me who is 4 years old having severe “Ashtama Disease, depends on INHEALER, here political Hide & seek game is going on & the father of the parents (THE FATHER OF THE BOY WHO HAS ILLICIT RELATIONS WITH MY WIFE) are rich, so they are spending money to everywhere with a view to be escaped. Now I decided that I’m not taken back my wife. I take a lawyer his name Mr. Kamelash Nandi. I don’t know what happened next? Now I went to punishment the boy. If possible please help me. Please investigate the matter and relief/save me and my family. And . My wife given me U/s. 125 Cr. P. C. Case NO.167/2009, date 16/12/2009. 1st Class Judicial Magistrate at Sealdah. 1st court date is 15/01/2010 done, 2nd court date is 12/02/2010.
    Dear Sir/Madam,
    Dear friend’s, actually I’m 100 percent victim, so I went to knowing my matter all the Indian and others. I write my matter to our local P.S., Local Councilor, all M.P., M.L.A., Minister in W.B, C.M. in W.B., CBI in W.B, CID in W.B, Governor in W.B, and President in India. P.M. in India, Human rights department, AAP KI KACHEHRI – KIRAN KE SAATH, Kolkata Police, my nation, all of the news channels, and all press, and many more, absolutely you also, But nobody help me, I think you can help me, so I write to you. I’m Punishment + harassment Without Crime.

    With kindest regards,
    Dipak Kumar Adhikari
    Tegharia(Dhali Para),NandanKanan. P.S.: Baguiati.
    P.O. Hatiara. Kolkata-700059 Email: PH. 9836149983
    W.B. India.

  43. vidhya's Gravatar vidhya
    January 4, 2010    

    it is very nice explanation about women in indian soceity i got use from this site that is in my school they gave this topic for english elocation competetion and i got first price in school and third price in district level and i got the special price of best expression explainer title from district collector

  44. sanjeev's Gravatar sanjeev
    December 1, 2009    

    Women in villages and small cities also of India have wonderful potentials to bring excellance in every walk of life. Their will power, spiritual power, physical power and courage are amazing. Now they require power of technical know-how to hoist Indian Tricolour on the World horizon.

  45. pranav kumar's Gravatar pranav kumar
    October 9, 2009    

    women are the creature of the world.

  46. October 3, 2009    

    Thank you everyone!

  47. Madhuri's Gravatar Madhuri
    October 1, 2009    

    i like it!

  48. lorjhemie's Gravatar lorjhemie
    September 28, 2009    

    very interisting i learn so much

  49. Gopika M. Byju's Gravatar Gopika M. Byju
    September 24, 2009    

    I would say excellent for what i have read about the women above!
    We should have more of these type of information s and websites specially for women. We women have to prove that we can do and work as like a man does. We should show our courage and braveness towards the nation. We should stop being hiding from men and come up with our ideas.

  50. ANJALI's Gravatar ANJALI
    September 16, 2009    

    EXCELLENT, i think this is the way to prove women, so be positive and ………..GO AHED!!!

  51. prasant's Gravatar prasant
    September 16, 2009    


  52. kriti's Gravatar kriti
    September 6, 2009    

    i don’t know what to say………..some of you have written…. go women or excellent work or the writer’s having courage to speak truth……
    simply no offence guys……….but this article isn’t about courage or excellent writing skills………its really about attitude,closeness and mutual respect………best thing ……. try n understand what writer’s saying.

  53. Vishal's Gravatar Vishal
    September 6, 2009    

    yes , it is the truth said by writer , That no women is less than man come on!! keep it .

  54. lovely's Gravatar lovely
    May 25, 2009    

    excellent written

  55. ashique.n's Gravatar ashique.n
    May 20, 2009    


  56. Dr. Yogesh Gupta's Gravatar Dr. Yogesh Gupta
    March 17, 2009    


  57. Nidhi's Gravatar Nidhi
    January 26, 2009    

    Bravo, very well written! keep it up.

  58. Manjeet Sharma's Gravatar Manjeet Sharma
    December 17, 2008    

    Excellant, you have the courage to say the truth. Women must know their rights at home as well at work place.
    Keep it up.

  59. amrit's Gravatar amrit
    November 19, 2008    


  60. gaytri's Gravatar gaytri
    October 22, 2008    

    very well said ………….
    a women should get wt she deserves

  61. priya's Gravatar priya
    September 15, 2008    

    very well put together and well said….go women!!!

  62. k's Gravatar k
    May 13, 2008    

    go women

  63. lucky's Gravatar lucky
    March 15, 2008    

    exellent about women

  64. Insaan101's Gravatar Insaan101
    May 6, 2012    

    dipak, do not get emotional, you will never get any article written by Ms raka about u. U are just an ATM machine in the view of court and law to be extorted money by always great women; u r rather fortunate that your comment has not been deleted by     women. U r just responsible for every plight of women on this earth till date, as you are a man. How dare you can say that your wife was at fault, there must be something fishy, u demon u must have done something cruel to the compassionate woman. Ya but if your wife had written something against you in this comment, then i would have belived her version, without any doubt; because she is a woman, she can not be guilty.
    why just 498a , u also deserve to get booked into workplace sexual harassment law, and u r guilty of marital rape. Actually all men as race deserve to be exterminated by nazi like gas chambers. I just wonder why Ms raka and other intellectuals are producing sons , those sons will be responsible for all the problems of their generations of women, those son will just launch all night sweating on the code, and without giving women enough reservation on their board. Just get rid of those idioticsons of today , and all the problems of next generation women will be solved. What an idea, Deepak , you hang thru celiing fan  or whatever, i am just not bothered, i am just bothered about your plight. 
    As per court direction, only women relatives of your like mother and sister deserve protection from 498a; your old age bed ridden father does not need any protection from 498a, u moron male. 
    Role of male in indian socieity has been just to suppress the brialliant and innocent and pure women till date; apart from that there ha been no role of men till date in society; enither has any man sufferred in the hands of any woman. So u just shut up, deepak.

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  3. Gender, Culture and Fertility on February 23, 2011 at 11:26 am

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