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Why this hurry to submerge tribals and farmers under Narmada waters?

In a shocking decision[1] on June 12, 2014, the Narmada Control Authority (NCA), headed by the secretary, Union Ministry of Water Resources (MWR), & which includes secretary of Ministry of Environment and Forests (MEF) and senior officials of four states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh & Rajasthan, have sanctioned, in what The Hindu called “emergency meeting” (http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/narmada-dam-to-be-higher-by-17-m/article6108571.ece) installation of 17 m high gates on the Sardar Sarovar Dam on Narmada River in Gujarat, taking the effective current height of the dam from 121.92 m to 138.68 m. This has been done after the Rehabilitation sub group (RSG) of the Narmada Control Authority, chaired by secretary, Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) has also cleared this decision. This decision implies submergence of thousands of ha of land and displacement of lakhs of tribals and farmers in three states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, when their rehabilitation, as legally required, has not been done.

Strangely, the government that talks about transparency, had nothing to report on its website (either PIB website or MWR website till 12 noon on June 6, 2014) about this decision, who will be affected, reason for such emergency decision or basis for the decision.

Sardar Sarovar Dam

More importantly, Gujarat & Rajasthan can get their share of water from Narmada river without this height increase and are not able to use even 20% of the water already available to them at the current height. This is clearly unnecessary, unjust and unwarranted decision that is not likely to have even legal sanction. Only additional benefit that increase in height can provide is additional water storage, which will imply about 10-20% additional power generation, in which Gujarat’s share is only 16%: 57% share goes to MP and 27% share goes to Maharashtra.

Sardar Sarovar Dam Project
Sardar Sarovar Dam Project capacity is already not utilized fully. What is the hurry to displace people? Or is it about power generation in power surplus state?

There is some misinformation that this height increase is required to take the water to Kutch, Saurashtra and North Gujarat. This is completely wrong. The Full Supply Level of Narmada Main Canal is 110 m and once water enters this level in the dam, water can be taken to the canals. Once water enters the main canal, it can be taken to the Kutch, Saurashtra and N Gujarat. Based on information we have obtained from SSNNL under RTI, we have seen that Gujarat can get its full share of 9 Million Acre Feet of water at current height and no height increase is necessary. Had Gujarat built the necessary canal distribution system with branch canals, distributary canals, minors, sub minors and field canals to fields in Kutch, Saurashtra and N Gujarat, it could have taken Narmada water to these regions even eight years ago. To suggest that height increase will achieve this is clearly spreading misinformation. Similarly, as far as providing drinking water to the drought prone areas is concerned, height increase is not required to complete that.

Gujarat, in the meantime have increased the share of drinking water (1 MAF) and industrial Water (0.22 MAF) from 0.87 MAF for these combined sectors, at the cost of irrigation, without any participatory or transparent process. (see new share in this report in The Hindu on June 12, 2014: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/a-long-wait-ends-for-gujarat/article6109547.ece).

The claim of Gujarat government that cost of the project has increased because height of the dam has not been raised is completely wrong. The cost of the project is going up (TOI has reported on June 13, 2014 (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Narendra-Modi-gives-Gujarat-its-lifeline-Narmada-Dam-height-to-be-raised-by-17-metres-lakhs-will-lose-their-homes-activists-say/articleshow/36453275.cms) that the project has already spent Rs 65369 Crores and ultimate cost is likely to be Rs 90 000/-) because Gujarat government has not been able to complete the canal network and has also been paying huge amounts to service the debt.

It is shocking that all the officials of the central and state governments and all the concerned ministers (including Water Resources Minister Ms Uma Bharti, Environment Minister Mr Prakash Javdekar, Social Justice Minister Mr Thaawar Chand Gehlot, Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan in addition to Gujarat and MP Chief Ministers) have towed the line dictated by Prime Minister Mr Modi and Gujarat Government in this regard, within two weeks of new government taking over. No additional rehabilitation could have been accomplished in these two weeks, which seems to indicate that a political decision has been taken, without considering the ground realities, merits or justification of the decision or necessity of the decision. This does not bode good for the functioning of the new government.

It should be noted here that the installation of gates will take three years, and in any case, for closing the gates, the project will need clearance from Environment Sub Group, RSG and NCA again. Secondly, the gates have been lying in the yard of Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited (SSNNL) for many years and a question mark was raised about the safety of the gates in a recent meeting of the Sardar Sarovar Construction Advisory Committee. Now, as The Times of India reported on June 13, 2014 (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/Use-of-30-year-old-gates-worries-experts/articleshow/36453333.cms), even former Gujarat Government officials are raising the issue of old technology of 30 year old gates when new technology gates would be also be safer. In view of all this, it may have been better, as Narmada Bachao Andolan has suggested, for the government to first take proper stock of the situation rather than rush into this “emergency” decision on the eve of the monsoon, when no work is in any case possible in monsoon.

It is also shocking that even before the RSG and NCA were to take the decision; Gujarat Government was already busy preparing for celebratory meeting at the Dam site. This shows that the functioning of the statutory bodies has been taken for granted and their decision was pre-determined, as directed by higher authorities.

Gujarat can get its water share without increase in height The new government wants to take the SSP Dam from its current height of 121.92 m to its final design height of 138.68 m. Firstly, there are serious doubts if this height increase is required since it can be shown that Gujarat and Rajasthan can get their share of water from Narmada without this increase in height. Secondly, Gujarat is not even in a position to use more than 20% of the water it already gets from the river at current height of the dam for the purposes for which the project was designed: providing water for the drought affected regions in Kutch, Saurashtra & North Gujarat. On the other hand, urban centres, industrials areas, SEZs, cosmetic river beautification schemes have appropriated a large chunk of SSP waters without legal, democratic sanction or justification. Gujarat really does not have a case for increasing the height of SSP Dam.

Moreover, this will also entail such massive additional submergence, displacement and disruption of lives of tribals and farmers that it is sure to create huge opposition. Narmada Bachao Andolan estimates that an additional 2.5 lakh people will face unjust submergence in three states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The just rehabilitation of already affected people is far from complete, in fact, most of the affected population has not been given minimum 2 ha of land required under the Narmada Tribunal award and subsequent accepted policies.

Mr Modi during his tenure of 13 years as Chief Minister of Gujarat failed to complete the canal network of SSP in the drought prone areas in whose name the project has always been justified. It needs to be noted that the agitation against SSP did not stop Gujarat government from going ahead with construction of canal network. It was not for lack of finances that SSP could not complete the canal network. SSP has been getting largest quantum of money from the Government of India’s Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme ever since the AIBP scheme started in 1996. This support to SSP from AIBP was clearly wrong since SSP was never the last mile project for which AIBP was meant, but the big dam lobby in Union Water Resources ministry and Gujarat government were hand in glove in this misallocation of AIBP money for SSP. In fact, Mr Modi arm-twisted the Planning Commission in 2011-12 to sanction the escalated costs for SSP even when the issues raised by Planning Commission officers remained unanswered.

It is the ineptitude of Gujarat Government under Mr Modi that is on show as to why it could not complete the canal network on drought prone areas in Gujarat. Mr Modi would do well to remember the reasons for that failure before he considers the mega projects agenda as Prime Minister.

Moreover, on SSP, the issues of completing repairs of the damages the Sardar Sarovar dam structure suffered four years ago & related issue of safety of the dam are yet to be resolved[2] and Gujarat has embarked on building another Garudeshwar Dam in immediate downstream without any impact assessments, participatory democratic process or required sanctions[3]. The legality of the Garudeshwar Dam work stands challenged in the National Green Tribunal by the affected tribals.

Conclusion This unnecessary, unwarranted and unjust decision is not going to go down well with any right thinking person. The new government at the center is clearly treading a path that is bound to raise huge uproar and make the common person on street question: for whom and for what purpose is this government working. It would be in best interest of everyone if the government was so confident, to get this debated in the Parliament.

Post by Himanshu Thakkar (ht.sandrp@gmail.com) published originally under Creative Commons licence at the SANDRP blog.

5

Press release by Ravinder Singh of the "Sabka Bharat Party" raises some pretty strong points. I am willing to publish any rebuttals made as well.

1.  It is Corrupt Election Commission didn't Record Expenses Narendra Modi Election Campaign for Poll Related Expenditure which cost up to Rs.50 crores to Rs.100 crore per rally mobilizing up to a million crowd including cost of live broadcast.

2.  Election Commission didn't STOP Poll Surveys as Just Modi was projected as Prime Minister candidate - WITHOUT ANY POLITICAL MANIFESTO - Election Commission Ought to have Procured 'Election Manifestos At Least Six Months in Advance' so that Electors are fully introduced to Policies of Parties Before Casting Their Votes.

3.  There is No Media Coverage of Arvind Kejriwal Rally on any TV channel when Election Commission should be ensuring 'Equal Opportunity to All Candidates.'

4.  But it is 'Gross Misconduct of EC to restrict a Party President with over 10 million followers to just three Cars on National Highways and that too without security cover.' Obviously distinction had to be made between National President's rally & campaign and Candidates in their own Constituencies.

5.  Evidence of its Misconduct is Confirmed when Prakash Javdekar provoked BJP Cadre by Blaming Arvind Kejriwal for Lame Duck Sardar Sarovar Project.

6. It is obviously 'DEMOCRATIC SCANDAL WHEN PARTIES CAMPAIGN WITHOUT ELECTION MANIFESTO WHEN ELECTION COMMISSION SHOULD INSIST ON COMPLETE POLITICAL IDEAS OF IDEOLOGY OF REGISTERED PARTIES AT THE TIME OF REGISTRATION.'

7. Election Commission was Expected to Constitute in Advance a Supreme Court Judges Led Pannels to Monitor Lies of Parties & Ensure HONEST CONDUCT OF POLITICAL PARTIES.

It was Murder of Democracy in Gandhi's own state as Narendra Modi lies were getting Exposed one by one his rally was shown black flags and attacked by goons and detained by police. This is based on TV coverage of many channels.

Obviously BJP didn't want PRESS & MEDIA to cover the REAL DIRTY & FILTHY side of Gujarat kept hidden from public view.

Gujarat hospitals were in filthy conditions, General Hospital which is admit Emergency & Accident cases was without Orthopedic Surgeon, there no medicines, water supply in the hospital was stinking, toilets in bad conditions etc.

Arvind Kejriwal also exposed Health Centers Without Roof Not Working since built over 10 years ago and no Toilet in Schools when Schools ought to have Separate Toilets for Girls and Boys.

A Large Pond even after record rainfall season has little water may dry up in 15 days Three Months Before Monsoon.

Arvind Kejriwal was exposing lies of progress in Gujarat.

Prakash Javdekar provoked BJP workers against Arvind Kejriwal and BLAMED AAP for Stopping Sardar Sarovar Dam.

Obviosly Gujarat Was Not Serious in Building Sarsar Sarovar Dam - There was Rampant Loot in Hugely Overdesigned Narmada Canal Projects and additional Sufalam Sujalam Projects - Loot of over Rs.50,000 crores - 2013-14 Budget on Irrigation & Water Projects is Rs.12,000 crores.

Praash Javdekar didn't explain Hydro Power was Sabotaged Hydro Power all over India including Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh.

Prakash Javdekar also didn't explain how Adani Power Projects in much more ECO SENSITVE Zones came up without any clearances in 3-4 years.

Ravinder Singh,
Convener, Mentor & CEO
SABKA BHARAT PARTY
Ph: 9650421857, 9718280435
Progressindia008@yahoo.com ,
sabkabharatparty@gmail.com

Reference article mentioned in post

AAP against Narmada dam: Javadekar

TOI March06, 2014
Page Dance of Democracy

Gandhinagar: Prakash Javadekar, a national spokesperson of the BJP, has said that Arvind Kejriwal's Aam Aadmi Party is against the Narmada project and has no right to speak on the problems of Gujarat's people.

"Anti-dam activist Medha Patkar is an official Lok Sabha candidate of the AAP," Javadekar said. "Patkar has filled a petition against the Narmada dam in the Supreme Court. If the AAP is really serious about the problems of Gujarat's people why is it not asking Patkar to withdraw her petition?'' TNN