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The online donation form on BJP websites openly accepts payments from People of Indian Origin, who are essentially not Indian Citizens and thus can't legally donate to political parties in India.

BJP appears to be illegally soliciting foreign funding from People of Indian Origin (who are not Indian citizens). BJP is not unaware of the distinction between non-resident Indians (who are Indian citizens staying abroad) and people of Indian origin (who are foreign citizens with links to India who can register for easier visas to visit and so on), since many of them had made spirited arguments related with the Nationality of Raghuram Rajan when he became the governor of Reserve Bank of India.

illegal fund collection bjp
Bharatiya Janata Party has been accepting foreign funds. Image: @kapsology

When Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde announced an investigation into Aam Aadmi Party's funding, it was mostly a lark with a lot of accusations flying, but Aam Aadmi Party hardly having a problem defending against accusations from parties with most of their funding unaccounted and both Congress and BJP receiving foreign funding from organizations like Vedanta and DOW Chemicals AND government organizations on record in a PIL based on excellent research filed by Association of Democratic Reforms.

bjp congress foreign companies funding
BJP and Congress have accepted funds from foreign companies in violation of the FCRA.

Ridiculous reached new heights when Meenakshi Lekhi insinuated that Aam Aadmi Party may be receiving terrorist funding and one thing led to another and it turns out that BJP not only solicits funds from foreign citizens, it also does not declare the vast majority of its funding. Whether terrorist or not is another question, but it is a blatant flaunting of our laws and should be investigated.

And this has been going on for years. I checked the Wayback machine archive, and the BJP donation page accepting illegal donations has been archived for the last two years at least and all the versions accept money from People of Indian Origin. Here is a version of BJP's Donation page from June 2011.

sonation form on BJP website shows Afghanistan as first choice
BJP's donation page archived from June 2011 also accepts payments from people of Indian origins.

As you can clearly see, you can be an Afghan National and still provide your passport number and donate - I have not chosen "Afghanistan" - all the options here are the default options from the page. I think it is a poetic irony that the party that accused another of being funded by terrorists, though their funding is completely transparent, can indeed be funded by terrorists. It accepts the money, it does not disclose most of its funds. Do the math.

Illegal soliciting of funds by BJPAnd lastly, while the Aam Aadmi Party transparently declares any and all donations it receives, this is not the case with other political parties, most of whom have the vast majority of their funding shrouded as "unaccountable". They are also fighting to prevent citizens from trying to find out by filing RTIs with them.

unaccountable funding of <strong class='StrictlyAutoTagBold'>Indian</strong> political parties



Images from @kapsology (on Twitter) - the nice ones with red markings pointing out the problem. Screenshot images from me.


indian currency note for five rupees

The Millenium Post mentions that India's new governor is a US citizen. His profile on Wikipedia mentions his nationality as American, with an Overseas Citizenship of India. Other stray profiles mention his nationality as only American, while he has spoken of himself as an Indian in a speech. Others have vouched for his Indian citizenship without providing sources. (more about these and other sources below post).
google search profile for Raghuram Govind RajanThis, in my view is a very serious allegation, as India does not allow non-citizens in government office (though this would hardly be the first violation even if true). When we speak of the governor of the Reserve Bank of India, then I believe it is important that there be clarity. According to the Millenium Post and Wikipedia, he is what is called an Overseas Citizen Indian and American citizen. This automatically means he is not a citizen of India. There is no confusion about it. India does not allow dual citizenship and any Indian voluntarily taking citizenship in another country ceases to be a citizen of India. Here is what the Citizenship Act, 1955 says:

Termination of citizenship.- (1) Any citizen of India who by naturalization, registration otherwise voluntarily acquires, or has at any time between the 26th January, 1950 and the commencement of this Act, voluntarily acquired the citizenship of another country shall, upon such acquisition or, as the case may be, such commencement, cease to be a citizen of India:

The American Embassy page understands this very clearly too [emphasis mine].

 An OCI card is similar to a U.S. "green card" in that a holder can travel to and from India indefinitely, work in India, study in India, and own property in India (except for certain agricultural and plantation properties). An OCI card holder, however, does not receive an Indian passport, cannot vote in Indian elections, and is not eligible for Indian government employment.

If true, it is really unclear how not only did Raghuram Rajan hold the position of CEA, he is now to be the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India. This is completely unrelated to his competence and about the laws of India. I am no lawyer, but the Citizenship Act seems quite clear on this.

Conferment of rights on overseas citizen of India states [emphasis mine]

Apart from the benefits and privileges available to an Overseas Citizens of India as enumerated above, such a citizen would also be entitled to other rights which the Central Government would specify and which would be notified in the official Gazette from time to time. However, there are certain sector such as public employment, voting rights etc where the rights would not be available to overseas citizens.

An overseas citizen of India shall not be entitled to the rights conferred on a citizen of India -

  1. under article 16 of the Constitution with regard to equality of opportunity in matters of public employment;

  2. under article 58 of the Constitution for election as President;

  3. under article 66 of the Constitution for election of Vice-President;

  4. under article 124 of the Constitution for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court;

  5. under article 217 of the Constitution for appointment as a Judge of the High Court;

  6. under section 16 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950 in regard to registration as a voter;

  7. under sections 3 and 4 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 with regard to the eligibility for being a member of the House of the People or of the Council of States, as the case may be;

  8. under sections 5, 5A and 6 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 with regard to the eligibility for being a member of the Legislative Assembly or a Legislative Council, as the case may be, of a State;

  9. for appointment to public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of any State except for appointment in such services and posts as the Central Government may by special order in that behalf specify.

Additionally, there are concerns about conflict of interest. The same article in Millenium Post mentions:

‘Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has approved the appointment of Dr Raghuram Rajan as RBI Governor for a term of three years,’ the government said in a release. A section of observers has criticised Rajan’s appointment. They point out that he is not only a US citizen but also that several positions he has held or holds — IMF chief economist, visiting professor to the World Bank and US Federal Reserve Board — could not have been without the backing of the American government. This factor, they fear, may induce him to act more in favour of US than Indian interests. There are also fear relating to Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), which has made huge investments in the US shale gas industry and has also applied with the RBI for a bank licence. They fear that if RIL does, in fact, get this licence, there would emerge a connection between the US shale gas industry and the Indian financial sector. This would be detrimental to India’s national interests, they point out.

There is a certain ugliness to positions of power in a democracy being held by non-citizens. There is an inherent colonization in the governor of the Reserve Bank of India being ineligible to vote because he has CHOSEN the citizenship of another country.

This is something that needs to be clarified, and fast. If the Millenium Post is wrong, then it should issue a correction. If it does not issue a correction, the correct facts should at least be put on record. If Millenium Post is accurate, then the government should explain why a foreigner will lead our economy - no matter how good he is, and why the country was not informed if an exception was made to its laws and the reasons for it. Either way, this should be made clear.

It is entirely possible that someone at Millenium Post did a lazy job and picked up wrong data from the Wikipedia, but still the fact remains that they have quoted sources (without naming, so could be invented). Wikipedia, being editable by anyone is not the most reliable source of facts. However, the term Overseas Citizen of India is quite specific and had to come from somewhere even if the source is not mentioned. Not to mention the fact that Raghuram Rajan would hardly be unaware of his own details on his profile page. While not impossible, I find it tough to believe that a researcher who has his own page on Wikipedia is not interested in its contents or their accuracy enough to set the record straight on basic facts.

Other relatively smaller (and possibly inaccurate) profiles on the internet too mention his nationality as American. News of his appointment to the IMF in 2003 was reported as the first appointment of a person of "Indian Origin" to the IMF, when normal language use would simply say first Indian to be appointed to the IMF.

Bloomberg mentions him having an Indian passport, but another person (also without sources) speaks of Indian government having given him a diplomatic passport, which may not be the same thing.

Raghuram Rajan has referred to himself as an Indian, but that does not exclude his being a US citizen. Particularly if he is an OCI and sees this as the dual citizenship that he had advocated (but Indian law doesn't support). So referring to himself as Indian may
Raghuram Rajans profile stating his nationality as American with <strong class='StrictlyAutoTagBold'>Indian</strong> ethnicity not mean he isn't a US citizen.

I think part of the confusion may be from the term "American economist of Indian nationality" and similar, where "American" may refer to his area of expertise rather than citizenship. He does seem to have done most of his work about America AND lives there.

I have written to both Raghuram Rajan and Millenium Post for clarifications, but have received no replies from either. I will update this post if/when I get them. Raghuram Rajan himself clarifying the confusion would probably be best.

Even if he is an Indian citizen, it is important that such doubts don't exist about the governor of the Reserve Bank of India, particularly when the ambiguity seems to have resulted in a non-existent nationality that implies his role is against Indian law. Clarifications will help set the record straight everywhere and be overall good on this front.


Note: There seems to be a school of thought that thinks we are lucky to have him  and we should not look for laws to exclude him. I am of the belief that the government breaking laws is among the worst things for a democracy. If he is that important, an exception should be made or law fixed and on record.

Note 2: I am no economist, but I am not able to understand the hype over needing to have this man at all costs in the RBI to save our economy or something like that. He has been advising the Finance Ministry with all his profound wisdom for a year. The Finance Ministry controls the RBI. If his influence on the Finance Ministry has coincided with the kind of sliding line on the GDP graphs, I can't imagine what he will do in the RBI with someone else controlling him. He's hardly likely to get "freedom" anyway. Also, most of his work seems to study America, and India is a vastly different economy. Not to mention that he appears to primarily be a researcher, and his experience in bureaucratic knowledge is unclear. It appears his first gig in hands on running an economy will be the third largest economy in the world. That is one hell of a test drive. I repeat, I am not an economist, only pointing out that his influence is already present, not something new we will get and so far the results are not visible.


Update: Murli Manohar Joshi raised the question of how a foreigner could be appointed as governor of India in the Parliament. Raghuram Rajan is said to have provided the Speaker with a copy of his Indian passport which will be forwarded to Murli Manohar Joshi to set the record straight. I think this is important and thank you Mr. Joshi for bringing this up, however awkward it may be.

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