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This post continues from where the earlier one about the Facts of the Keenan and Reuben Case ended. That one was getting too long, and new information was coming in. This is fairly comprehensive - I think.

The FIR stated that the accused then assaulted the victim with it, killing Santos (October 20) and seriously injuring Fernandez, who succumbed to his injuries on November 2.

November 10, 2011 5:13:36 AM EST
  • This pretty much summarizes what happened. The details of the confessions, sources, etc will be found in the previous post on the facts of the case linked at the start.
  • Police sources said Solanki alias Bali has been an informant for over a decade. He has provided tip-offs to the Anti-Narcotics Cell on many occasions, following which raids have been conducted. Earlier, Solanki was an informer for an encounter specialist attached to the Juhu police station. Solanki provided information on gangland movement to the encounter specialist.
    November 10, 2011 2:50:01 PM EST
  • I don't know if this above information is relevant. TOI has dedicated an entire article where Bali comes off very badly with allegations ranging from blocking access to parents to political partisanship. Reporters having little instinct for presenting data and hunch distinctly, there is no way of knowing how much of this is obstruction and how much is perception. Not directly relevant to the case.

    Kept this here on the off chance that in some bizarre twist, Bali's work as informer turns out to be relevant to the motive/attack. Chances low.
  • It was Solanki who landed the slap on main accused Jitendra Rana on the ill-fated night.
    November 10, 2011 2:43:08 PM EST
  • He said he did not mention sexual harassment in the FIR because he was traumatized by what had happened and wanted to protect the girls. "However, it became necessary to give the full story. I flew to Delhi to convince the parents of one girl to allow her to give her statement to the police. Another victim is from a conservative background but I appealed to her parents to come forward as well," he said.
    November 10, 2011 2:45:57 PM EST
  • This is why initial case was murder only, and other charges are now added.
  • However, Priyanka and Shaikh's statements clearly stated that the brawl was a result of eve-teasing, the police said.
    November 10, 2011 2:42:59 PM EST
  • The police have now slapped Sections 509 and 506 of the Indian Penal Code — the former deals with word or gesture intended to outrage the modesty of a woman, while the latter deals with criminal intimidation.
    November 10, 2011 5:13:36 AM EST
  • I don't know if anyone remembers me speculating about the impact of showing the faces of the suspects on TV. Apparently, that hunch was right.
  • After being vocal about their sons' demise, the families of Keenan Santos and Reuben Fernandes are now refusing to talk to the media.According to the police, the families are upset that the photograph of the main accused had been made public by the media. This has in turn weakened the case, the police said.
    November 10, 2011 2:42:25 PM EST
  • Vijay Bhoite, senior inspector, DN Nagar police station said, "The identification parade was the most important part of the entire case. However, our case has been hampered since the main accused, Jitendra Rana's, photo has been made public by the media."
    November 10, 2011 2:49:41 PM EST
  • The following news is significant. How, remains to be known. Why was he changed is obviously the important question. The other important question being if the change helps the case or not.
  • The investigating officer has been changed in the case.
    November 10, 2011 2:50:01 PM EST
  • The following news is seriously good. Evidence trumps confessions/statements any day.
  • The police have also sent the clothes of the accused and the deceased, apart from the arms used in the murder, to the state forensic laboratory for scientific investigation.
    November 10, 2011 5:13:36 AM EST
  • They have to go ahead with the identification parade anyway.
  • The D N Nagar police on Tuesday wrote a letter to the court seeking permission to conduct an identification parade in prison of the four men arrested for the Amboli double murder.
    November 10, 2011 2:49:41 PM EST
  • The DN Nagar police will conduct the identification parade of the four accused in double murder case next week.On October 20, Keenan Santos and Reuben Fernandes died after they got involved in a scuffle with a drunk man outside the Amboli Bar and Kitchen Restaurant. Also, the police will conduct the identification parade of the 17 persons who had prevented a police team from arresting the main accused, Jitendra Rana, and his three accomplices. All 17 are currently lodged in Arthur Road jail. “The charge sheet in the case will be filed and submitted before 90 days,” said Vijay Bhoite, senior inspector, DN Nagar police station.
    November 10, 2011 6:14:19 AM EST
  • Now here is the strange one.
  • In response to an inquiry requested by Benjamin Fernandez, the brother of Amboli murder victim Reuben, as to why the police questioned Reuben while he was in the ICCU at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, zonal DCP Pratap Dighavkar said that no such interrogation took place."We conducted an inquiry and found that a constable from D N Nagar police station had gone to the hospital. Constables are not supposed to question a victim. So, it is not true that he tried to quiz Reuben. He had only gone to collect a letter from the doctors, stating the exact condition of Reuben," Dighavkar said.
    November 10, 2011 2:42:59 PM EST
  • And thisshould be investigated independently. Because if we go by logic, the families of victims neededthe cooperation of both the police as well as hospital, so it makes no sense to antagonize them with allegations. And yes, the information that the hospital was being difficult with Reuben's treatment as well as this police visit was known while he was still alive, so it doesn't make sense as a case of finding someone to blame.

    Verifying this should be fairly easy with CCTVs. And these CCTVs too not working should definitely be seen as a reason for more investigation.
    In the quote below, B. Raman makes an important point.
  • The most shocking aspect of the incident was the utterly shameful and shocking and inhuman inaction of a group of about 40 bystanders, who watched the two boys being surrounded and murdered by the hooligans without the least attempt to go to their rescue. They watched as if they were watching a street play. I can understand — but will not excuse— if there were only one or two bystanders and they were afraid of intervening. There were about 40 of them. There was no excuse for their inaction. There were so many things they could have done. They could have raised an alarm and collected more people. They could have intervened physically. But they did nothing. They just watched— not in horror, not with shock, but just with a sense of disinterested curiosity. They probably saw it as a quarrel between young men over women and as none of their business. Even the use of a knife by one of the hooligans for repeatedly stabbing did not make them intervene.Even more shocking than the passive attitude of the bystanders was the attitude of some of the people in a nearby restaurant as narrated by one of the girl friends to Barkha. According to her, after the hooligans had run away, when she pleaded to the people in the restaurant to help her in taking care of the injured and dying, none of them came forward to help her. Can one imagine anything more inhuman and callous?
    November 10, 2011 2:43:08 PM EST
  • This inaction of the bystanders and others shows to what extent inhuman traits have seeped into our society. The only way of dealing with it is through education and creation of awareness of our duty as members of the society and citizens of this country. Under the law, watching a person being killed without going to his or her rescue is itself a crime. The police should prosecute not only the perpetrators, but also those bystanders who can be identified.
    November 10, 2011 2:42:59 PM EST
  • And it is worth asking why the bystanders are not being prosecuted as well. Including the restaurant,paanwala, coconut seller, whoever else, including people on the street whocan be identified, and unidentified people.

    Though I have a hunch that we may not have a good law covering this, or it would be widely known, seeing as how often it gets violated. Not to mention someone bringing it up for this case itself.
  • Four men have been arrested for the murders of Keenan Santos and Reuben Fernandes, and a senior IPS official has said that some of the accused have confessed to being directly involved in the crime. "However, such confessions have no value in court. Therefore, we will soon seek the consent of all the accused to record their statements before a magistrate," the officer said. "If they agree, we would be able to present our case before the court in a better manner."
    November 10, 2011 2:45:57 PM EST
  • It will be a stroke of luck if they agree, seeing as how it would pretty much be the nail on their coffin.
  • While there were reports that Jitendra Rana, the main accused in the Amboli double murder, was a history sheeter, a senior police officer said this was not the case. D N Nagar senior police inspector Vijay Kumar Bhoite said, "Rana does not have any past criminal record."
    November 10, 2011 5:13:36 AM EST
  • There were also reports that Rana has connections with Swabhimaan Sanghatana, an NGO headed by Nitesh Rane, younger son of senior Congress leader and industries minister Narayan Rane. However, the NGO has distanced itself from Rana. "Rana's performance in the organization was not satisfactory and he was asked to resign. Six months back, he had resigned," said Rajesh Bagdi, spokesperson for the NGO.
    November 10, 2011 2:50:01 PM EST
  • Yeah, right. If he were still a member, they would say that he was, and that they supported him, etc. This is meaningless verification in the face of the massive banner - I have an image of the banner, but seeing as how the identification parade hasn't yet happened, I think it is wiser to not further publish Rana's face.
  • A couple of hours after the fight, at around the time that Keenan was declared dead and Reuben had finally been taken to a hospital, Rana was at the local office of Nitesh Rane’s Swabhimaan Sangathana, a party with which he has close links. At the entrance to Anand Nagar, for example, a giant hoarding propped up on a metal frame wishes residents of Amboli ‘Happy Diwali’. On this banner, put up by Swabhimaan Sangathana workers, are prominent photographs of both Nitish Rane and Jitendra Rana.
    Main accused in Amboli murders is a b...
    November 10, 2011 2:50:01 PM EST
  • It is unknown how this information was verified, but going by this, Swabhimaan Sangathana has exactly zero luck of convincing anyone of his exit from their party.
  • Bagdi blamed the banner makers for a recent Diwali banner of the Swabhimaan Sanghatana that included a picture of Rana. "Since those involved in making the banner were not aware of Rana's resignation, his picture was displayed," Bagdi said.
    November 10, 2011 2:42:25 PM EST
  • Jitendra Rana is 30; a barber by profession, a small-time political muscleman in his spare time, a father of two and the sole breadwinner in a household of six (his job at an up-market Lokhandwala salon earns him Rs 35,000 a month). His neighbours at Anand Nagar in Andheri, where he grew up, describe him as a hot-headed person prone to bouts of violence. Residents of Valmiki Nagar near Amboli, which he visits often, say he is a trouble-maker, a man who loves to pick fights.His immediate family refuse to speak, neither about him nor about the incident that sparked a wave of anger that has swept across the city over the last three weeks.
    Main accused in Amboli murders is a b...
    November 10, 2011 2:42:59 PM EST
  • Senior inspector Bhoite said, "According to our inquiry, Jitendra Rana is not a part of Swabhimaan Sanghatana." A DN Nagar police official said, "Rana was arrested from Valmiki Nagar."
    November 10, 2011 2:45:57 PM EST
  • Again, there is no information on the source of this information. Therefore, I don't know if it is simply an "Afternoon style" claim repeated, or something verified. Particularly since the previous quote (about Bali) that sounded "odd" was also TOI.
  • Valmiki Nagar is a slum pocket made up of 150 shanties packed together so tightly that sunlight barely creeps through into the tiny lanes between houses. At one end of the colony lives Rana’s sister, her husband and her in-laws.On the evening of October 20, Rana was at his sister’s house for her nephew’s birthday party and had stepped out for a smoke with four of his friends when they saw the group of friends that included Keenan and Reuben outside Amboli Kitchen and Bar and started passing lewd remarks about three women who were with them. “When the fight got ugly he called for help from locals,” a housewife said, while others around her nodded in agreement. “Several boys and even women rushed in his direction after being told that he and some others had been beaten for no fault of theirs. By the time most of us reached the spot, two boys were down. He had ruthlessly picked up a knife from a shop and attacked two of the boys.”
    Main accused in Amboli murders is a b...
    November 11, 2011 10:34:06 AM EST
  • So these are the bystanders - part of them at least.

    Some history of the other killers:
  • Dulhaj, who led the attack on Keenan Santos and Reuben Fernandez on October 20 outside the Amboli Bar and Kitchen, Andheri (West), was booked in an attempt-to-murder case last year. He is notorious in Valmiki Nagar, Andheri (West), where he lives along with his wife, three children, mother and a brother. He is a sweeper in a housing society in Andheri (West).
    November 10, 2011 2:50:01 PM EST
  • The attempt-to-murder case was filed against him on Diwali last year after a complaint from a neighbour, Jitendra Piwal. Recounting the incident, Piwal told TOI: "My daughter, along with other children, was celebrating Diwali when Satish (Dulhaj) with a few of his friends lit a firecracker and threw it on the children. I objected to this, leading to a heated argument between us."The argument turned ugly. Satish hit me with a rod, fracturing my hand. I lodged a compliant with the police. Following that, a case under the IPC's section 307 (attempt to murder) was slapped on him." On the arrest of Dulhaj and two other Valmiki Nagar residents (Bodh and Tival) in the Amboli case, Piwal said: "Satish and his friends were good-for-nothings. The gang would crowd at the entrance of our slum and try to trip passersby. It is good that Satish is behind bars."
    November 10, 2011 2:42:25 PM EST
  • Tival, a 19-year-old sweeper accused of hitting Reuben’s brother, Benjamin, with a stump, was arrested the next day, though his father insists his son could not have hurt anyone. “My son ran towards the spot with everyone else when he heard about the fight. I wasn’t at the spot, but from what I heard, my son never attacked anyone,” Tival’s father Ishwar said. “If my son is guilty he should be hanged, but I strongly believe he had nothing to do with the murder.” Tival, who suffered tuberculosis as a child and still undergoes medication for it twice a year, works as a sweeper at the Amboli Police Station.
    Main accused in Amboli murders is a b...
    November 10, 2011 2:49:41 PM EST
  • This below is interesting and I think related more to the socio-poiltical developments from this incident, because I don't think you can convict someone on a law that is created/changed after the crime. However, I am not a lawyer and this is just a stray thing I remember from the Wikileaks storm earlier. Or maybe that is US laws and in India it can be done. I don't know.
  • Patil added that although the case is under investigation, the state government is working towards strengthening sections 354 and 509 of the Indian Penal Code, which deal with acts of sexual harassment. "We have put our request to the central government, but we are yet to hear from them," he said.
    November 10, 2011 2:50:01 PM EST
  • Now here is the strange part. The police seem certain that star public prosecutor Ujjwal Nikam will be fighting this case, politicians sound fairly open (eager almost) to provide whatever the family wants to strengthen their case and Ujjwal Nikam seems to be part of that, yet no one has actually spoken to Ujjwal Nikam at all. So what is happening here?
  • The police are in talks with special public prosecutor Ujjwal Nikam for fighting the case.
    November 10, 2011 5:13:36 AM EST
  • The IPS official said the home department has roped in leading criminal lawyer Ujwal Nikam to represent the home department. "We are in regular touch with Nikam. We will seek his opinion and guidance when we reach the stage of filing the chargesheet. In fact, the chargesheet will be filed after his approval," he said.
  • On Wednesday, complainant in the case, Avinash Solanki alias Bali, had claimed that the government had appointed Nikam as the special prosecutor in the case. Home minister RR Patil clarified that the families of victims had indeed requested the government to have senior counsel Ujwal Nikam fight their case, but stopped short of confirming the appointment. "We had promised to provide whichever counsel they ask for. Accordingly, we will get Nikam to fight their case," Patil told Hindustan Times.
    November 10, 2011 2:45:57 PM EST
  • Advocate Ujjwal Nikam has denied reports that he has been officially appointed as the special public prosecutor in the Amboli double murder case.“I have read about it in the newspapers,” Nikam told Hindustan Times. “But, so far I have received no word from the state government.”
    November 10, 2011 2:42:59 PM EST
  • In other news, the expected storm over the hospital's mishandling of Reuben's treatment has hit.
  • Silveira said the minister was told about the suspected negligence in Fernandes’ treatment at the Kokilaben Ambani Hospital. He said, “By October 25, Fernandes was talking normally, his reflexes were normal and he even tried to walk. Doctors told us that they would start physiotherapy. But his condition suddenly deteriorated by October 29 and he began vomiting blood.“On October 31, when he required immediate surgery, the chief surgeon was on leave. We told them to arrange for a good surgeon from another hospital, but they refused saying it was against the rules. My friend died of excessive bleeding.” Benjamin said the minister assured them that a panel of government doctors would conduct an inquiry. “He also said a doctor would be appointed to monitor the panel to ensure impartiality.”
    November 10, 2011 2:42:59 PM EST
  • Reuben's family: 'Want all medical reports'
    November 8, 2011 6:30:28 AM EST
  • Just want to note here that you can refer to the previous post for links to Facebook updates about difficulty dealing with the doctors *before* Reuben died. Justin case anyoneis inclined to think that this is grief and disappointment fabricating the complaint.

    Here is what is happening with the extras.
  • And what of the 17 who are in custody? “Over the next few days, we’ll figure out how to get them out,” another resident said. “But we will not raise our voice for the four main accused. What they have done is unforgivable.”
    Main accused in Amboli murders is a b...
    November 10, 2011 2:42:59 PM EST
  • Caught on the sidelines of the Amboli double murder , the families of 17 men arrested in a separate rioting case insist on their innocence. The 17 allegedly rioted when the police went to arrest the four murder accused on October 21, a day after the killing.
    November 10, 2011 2:50:01 PM EST
  • As of now, their families - all in Valmiki Nagar - are scrambling to try and put together money for bail. “They’ve been booked under false charges. We’ve been trying to get help from local politicians but none of them have helped,” said a resident. “Most of us have been voting for the local Shiv Sena coroporator and often invite him for our functions. But when we approached him, he refused to help. Even the local Congress leader who comes here often, brushed us off. We will show them in the (upcoming BMC) elections. None of us will vote.”
    Main accused in Amboli murders is a b...
    November 10, 2011 6:14:19 AM EST
  • "My husband (Hemsingh Kagad) was picked up by police who came in the early morning. When I asked why they were taking him, the plainclothes policemen said it was a routine formality and they would soon release him," said Rosy Kagad. She said the cops broke down the main door of her shanty. "Since the whole family was sleeping, it took time to open the door. The impatient policemen broke open the main door," said Rosy.
    November 11, 2011 10:34:06 AM EST
  • Sulochana Chandalia is distraught . Her husband, son and son-in-law , who were visiting from their hometown in Haryana, were rounded up by the police. One of the murder accused Jitendra Rana, 25, is their relative and was at a birthday party at their home a few hours before the violence on October 20. "He had left the party and after that we don't know what happened. The police came knocking later and picked up the men in our house, though the men had nothing to do with what happened at the paan shop," said Sulochana.
    November 10, 2011 5:13:36 AM EST
  • So either the families are pretending to not understand, or they don't actually know that their people have been arrested for messing with the cops and not assisting with the murder.
  • Additional commissioner of police (western suburbs) Vishwas Nagre Patil however said the mob had obstructed the police from arresting the four murder accused. "They heatedly argued and scuffled with the police , which is why they were picked up," he said.
    November 10, 2011 2:42:59 PM EST
  • One mystery question remains. If the same people who "eve teased" returned for choppers and back up, why didn't they use either choppers or back up to kill? Why take the coconut seller's knife and use stump, etc if they had choppers? Why attack before backup arrived? This post will get updated now, not the earlier one or a new link added if more content comes in.


This article is second in a part of a three article series on Eve Teasing by Fazal Ahmad. The first part outlined the description and impact of eve teasing. The second looks at Eve Teasing under Civil Law.

We now look at Eve Teasing punishment in India in Criminal Laws

Very fairly speaking that in the Indian Penal Code, the word ‘eve-teasing’ does not exist. Eve teasing is an attitude, a mindset, a set of behaviours that is construed as an insult and an act of humiliation of the female sex. However, victims of eve teasing could take recourse to certain sections of the IPC.

The non-penetration sexual assault, under the section 354 of the Penal Code, is punishable with a maximum term of two years imprisonment of either description, or with fine, or with both.
eve teasing

Section 354. Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty

Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any woman, intending to outrage or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby outrage her modesty, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.

Punishment—Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both—Cogniza¬ble—Bailable—Triable by any Magistrate—Non-compoundable.

Section 509- Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman- whoever, intending to insult the modesty of any woman, utters any word, makes any sound or gesture, or exhibits any object, intending that such word or sound shall be heard, or that such gesture or object shall be seen, by such woman, or intrudes upon the privacy of such woman, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

III. Section 294- Obscene acts and songs Whoever , to the annoyance of others-

a) Does any obscene act in any public place, or

b) Sings, recites or utters any obscene song, ballad or words, in or near any public place,

shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three months, with fine , or with both.

Being very fair to my readers of this Blog I as a lawyer should clarify that these sections make gestures or acts intended to insult the modesty of a woman or acts intrude upon her privacy a, crime, but it is very difficult to exploit these provisions to deal with various expressions of sexual harassment. Eve Teasing punishment in India under provisions of these sections of law and the procedural laws are complex and the type of proof that is required make it very difficult to get the culprit punished.


Eveteasing is a wrong against the honour, dignity and self respect of a woman. It hurts her at the core of soul.We need a strong combating for this fast growing problem.

So, I strongly recommend a strong and tough law either in civil or criminal, for the strong punishment of the Eve teasers.

I would also to say country like India where we are worshipping the woman like Gods, the behaviour is morally unjust. We should learn to respect woman and the Class starts at Home.

~ Fazal Ahmad

Follow him on Twitter @fzlsammy

Update: Since this article was written, there have been efforts to get more stringent laws passed after the Delhi Gang Rape case in which a medical student was brutally gang raped and fatally injured. This is a work in progress for India.


This article is second in a part of a three article series on Eve Teasing by Fazal Ahmad. The first part outlined the description and impact of eve teasing.

This civil wrong is other than a mere breach of contract or breach of trust. This wrong is redressible by an action for unliquidated damages.

Eve teasing is a civil wrong. The eve teaser causes injury to the plaintiff which in turn affects her both physically and mentally. It is an unlawful infringement on the victim's privacy and person. She is tortured in the process. It also hampers her peace and happiness. It, in other words, curtails her right to enjoy her life and be happy.Eve teasing is neither a breach of contract nor a breach of trust. It is an encroachment on a woman's right and her dignity.

Eve teasing is an unexpected incident. There is no question of a contract in it. Thus, its remedy is unliquidated damages which are to be decided by the courts according to the gravity of the injury caused. The courts can also provide a remedy in the form of injunction and detention also. This would force the eve teasers to at least think thrice before they indulge in such Torts and its basic guiding principle of ibi Jus Ubi Remedia i.e. where there is a violation of a legal right, there has to be some relief, compensation and remedy for the victim.

This part is very important for many reasons.

Firstly, it gives relief to the victim as she can recover the loss caused to her.

Secondly, it gives the victim immense satisfaction to see the eve teaser punished and admonished. She develops a sense of satisfaction, happiness and regains her confidence and self esteem.

Thirdly, it gives a strict warning to the eve teasers so that they do not indulge in this heinous practice. It, thus , strongly condemns the practice of eve teasing.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court In Vishakha V. State Of Rajasthan AIR 1997 SC 3011 has set out the guideline for the Woman working at the work places.

This case saw the formulation of the sexual harassment of women at workplace (prevention) bill drafted by the National Commission for Women. It provides for some stern measures to curb the menace of sexual harassment of women at work place.

The bill which defines sexual harassment which includes any act of verbal or gestural sexual advances , sexually explicit or derogatory remarks or statements, unwelcome sexually determined behaviour such as avoidable physical contact and advances, touching, patting, whistling, pinching, whistling, staring, sexually slanting and obscene jokes, suggestive remarks, compromising invitation, use of pornographic material, demand for sexual favours, threats, innuendoes, physical assault and molestation.

Staring and simple comments on the physical appearance of your female colleagues can land you behind bars for as many as five years and with a fine of Rs.20 000.

With the enactment of this act , there has been certainly a decrease in the number of sexual harassment. This act has proved itself to be a strong weapon in the hands of women to prevent sexual harassment and combat it.

In my opinion this case law helped a lot to the woman who was sexually assaulted or eve teased in offices and other places.

To find out about Eve Teasing under Criminal Law in India, read on...

~ Fazal Ahmad

Follow him on Twitter @fzlsammy


Fighting Eve-teasing: rights and remedy

Nature has given women so much power that the Law has given them very little. Samuel Johnson

The Term Eve Teasing used to refer to sexual harassment of women in public places such as streets, public, transportation, park and many places of social meetings. This type of public harassment by a man or a gang on women such as verbal assault as showing obscene gestures, winking, whistling and staring and also the physical assault such as pinching or rubbing against women in public places. It also includes many more things which have the definition under preview of word obscene or violence.

Women are often criticised for 'inviting' molesters by way of their 'seductive' way of dress and make-up. But this theory collapses in the face of rustic, illiterate and poor village women who cannot afford to dress seductively. What does 'seductive' dressing mean? Who decides what is 'seductive' dressing and what is not?

Another myth says that girls ought not to step out after dark and if they have gone out, they ought to come home before it is too dark. It is implied that the victims are perhaps to blame for men teasing, stalking and molesting them; this thinking is itself rooted in patriarchy. So, from childhood, parents bring up their sons and daughters by two completely different rules of censorship on their movements outside the house – geographically and in terms of time – one set of rules for boys and one set of rules for girls. The same 'logic' applies in mixed sex schools in India. Violence thrives in the victim's acceptance of the victimiser's moral right, social superiority and physical power.

Eve-teasing has been a notoriously difficult crime to prove, as perpetrators often devise ingenious ways to attack women, even though many feminist writers term it as “little rapes” and usually occur in public places, streets, and public transport.

Eve Teasing – Why?

Many psychologists believe that sex, love or fun is not the only motive that men indulge in this behaviour. Eve teasing is closely related to the patriarchal mindset of the Indian male. Men are raised to believe that they are more powerful physically and emotionally than women. They feel that they are doing nothing wrong just having some fun. Women on the other hand are made to feel vulnerable and the weaker sex.

Teachers of psychology and social scientists believe eve teasing to be a result of the frustrations suffered by a majority of youth. Disappointed by the unbecoming attitude of teachers and indifferent parents , they yearn for an outlet to vent their aggression and depression .Besides , many who do not inherit good values tend to indulge in acts of sexual harassment.

Eve teasing can be seen as a rite of passage for boys on their way to becoming men. Considering that sex is not the only motive, it would be reasonable to conclude that the psychodynamics of eve teasing are closely linked to the issue of masculinity and the masculine agenda.

Let Us Now Examine Eve Teasing in the Eyes of Law

The Question arise here is whether it falls under Civil wrong or criminal wrong?

To understand laws about Eve Teasing continue reading about Eve Teasing under Civil Law and Eve Teasing under Criminal Law

~ Fazal Ahmad

Follow him on Twitter @fzlsammy