The Millenium Post mentions that American, with an Overseas Citizenship of India. Other stray profiles mention his nationality as only American, while he has spoken of himself as an Indian in a speech. Others have vouched for his Indian citizenship without providing sources. (more about these and other sources below post).
This, in my view is a very serious allegation, as India does not allow non-citizens in government office (though this would hardly be the first violation even if true). When we speak of the governor of the Reserve Bank of India, then I believe it is important that there be clarity. According to the Millenium Post and Wikipedia, he is what is called an Overseas Citizen Indian and American citizen. This automatically means he is not a citizen of India. There is Indian citizenship” href=”http://www.travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1139.html#special_circumstance” target=”_blank”>understands this very clearly too [emphasis mine].
An OCI card is similar to a U.S. “green card” in that a holder can travel to and from India indefinitely, work in India, study in India, and own property in India (except for certain agricultural and plantation properties). An OCI card holder, however, does not receive an Indian passport, cannot vote in Indian elections, and is not eligible for Indian government employment.
If true, it is really unclear how not only did Raghuram Rajan hold the position of CEA, he is now to be the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India. This is completely unrelated to his competence and about the laws of India. I am no lawyer, but the Citizenship Act seems quite clear on this.
Conferment of rights on overseas citizen of India states [emphasis mine]
Apart from the benefits and privileges available to an Overseas Citizens of India as enumerated above, such a citizen would also be entitled to other rights which the Central Government would specify and which would be notified in the official Gazette from time to time. However, there are certain sector such as public employment, voting rights etc where the rights would not be available to overseas citizens.
An overseas citizen of India shall not be entitled to the rights conferred on a citizen of India –
under article 16 of the Constitution with regard to equality of opportunity in matters of public employment;
under article 58 of the Constitution for election as President;
under article 66 of the Constitution for election of Vice-President;
under article 124 of the Constitution for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court;
under article 217 of the Constitution for appointment as a Judge of the High Court;
under section 16 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950 in regard to registration as a voter;
under sections 3 and 4 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 with regard to the eligibility for being a member of the House of the People or of the Council of States, as the case may be;
under sections 5, 5A and 6 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 with regard to the eligibility for being a member of the Legislative Assembly or a Legislative Council, as the case may be, of a State;
for appointment to public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of any State except for appointment in such services and posts as the Central Government may by special order in that behalf specify.
Additionally, there are concerns about conflict of interest. The same article in Millenium Post mentions:
‘Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has approved the appointment of Dr Raghuram Rajan as RBI Governor for a term of three years,’ the government said in a release. A section of observers has criticised Rajan’s appointment. They point out that he is not only a US citizen but also that several positions he has held or holds — IMF chief economist, visiting professor to the World Bank and US Federal Reserve Board — could not have been without the backing of the American government. This factor, they fear, may induce him to act more in favour of US than Indian interests. There are also fear relating to Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), which has made huge investments in the US shale gas industry and has also applied with the RBI for a bank licence. They fear that if RIL does, in fact, get this licence, there would emerge a connection between the US shale gas industry and the Indian financial sector. This would be detrimental to India’s national interests, they point out.
There is a certain ugliness to positions of power in a democracy being held by non-citizens. There is an inherent colonization in the governor of the Reserve Bank of India being ineligible to vote because he has CHOSEN the citizenship of another country.
This is something that needs to be clarified, and fast. If the Millenium Post is wrong, then it should issue a correction. If it does not issue a correction, the correct facts should at least be put on record. If Millenium Post is accurate, then the government should explain why a foreigner will lead our economy – no matter how good he is, and why the country was not informed if an exception was made to its laws and the reasons for it. Either way, this should be made clear.
It is entirely possible that someone at Millenium Post did a lazy job and picked up wrong data from the Wikipedia, but still the fact remains that they have quoted sources (without naming, so could be invented). Wikipedia, being editable by anyone is not the most reliable source of facts. However, the term Overseas Citizen of India is quite specific and had to come from somewhere even if the source is not mentioned. Not to mention the fact that Raghuram Rajan would hardly be unaware of his own details on his profile page. While not impossible, I find it tough to believe that a researcher who has his own page on Wikipedia is not interested in its contents or their accuracy enough to set the record straight on basic facts.
Other relatively smaller (and possibly inaccurate) profiles on the internet too mention his nationality as American. News of his appointment to the IMF in 2003 was reported as the first appointment of a person of “Indian Origin” to the IMF, when normal language use would simply say first Indian to be appointed to the IMF.
Bloomberg mentions him having an Indian passport, but another person (also without sources) speaks of Indian government having given him a diplomatic passport, which may not be the same thing.
Raghuram Rajan has referred to himself as an Indian, but that does not exclude his being a US citizen. Particularly if he is an OCI and sees this as the dual citizenship that he had advocated (but Indian law doesn’t support). So referring to himself as Indian may