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Category: Democracy

Fundamental conceptual concerns regarding the Aadhaar number as a unique identity based upon biometric digital data and the associated risks for citizens of India

aadhaar biometric surveillance

Under the Aadhaar system, all Indian citizens are being allotted a unique twelve-digit identity number by the State upon obtaining biometric data including fingerprint and iris scans and upon submission and verification of certain demographic data including the name, date of birth and residential address. The new identity is different from all previous identity documents …

Aadhaar’s “Compelled free consent” is a contradiction in terms.

aadhaar logo

Press release for Aadhaar – PAN linkage constitutional challenge hearing in the Supreme Court on Friday. Today’s arguments began with the idea of ‘informational self determination”. Informational self-determination was developed by the German Federal Constitutional Court which articulated it as: “the authority of the individual to decide himself, on the basis of the idea of …